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Vegans Would Find it Hard to Survive in the Wilderness

February 16, 2012

There are many edible wild plants that can be found in the wilderness.  I’m no expert, but I know of at least forty-five edible wild plants that I can find on my farm.  You would think that with that many edible wild plants available it would be fairly easy to survive on a vegetarian diet in the wilds.  It is not.  A life supporting diet doesn’t just depend on the quantity of food available.  It also depends on the quality of the food available.

The human body needs carbohydrates, proteins, and fats to survive.  Wild plants have a goodly amount of carbohydrates but protein and fats are a problem.  Wild fruits and vegetables have virtually no protein.  Wild seeds and nuts have more protein, nearly the concentration that is found in meat, fowl, or fish.  But one big drawback to getting your protein from plants is that the plants that produce protein are very seasonal.  Acorns, pecans, hickory nuts, black walnuts, and pine seeds are only available in the fall.  Most grass seeds are harvestable only in the late summer and fall, though some may remain of the stalk into the winter. Not much help if you are trying to survive in the spring or summer.

I think it is ironic that one of the greatest plagues of the modern diet is fat.  We look for low-fat this and low-fat that at the grocery store.  We trim the fat from our meat and try to avoid butter and lard.  The ironic thing is that fat is one of the hardest dietary substances to find in the wild.  Even wild meat is pretty low in fat.  People that have to live on wild meat prize animals, like possoms, bears, or wild hogs, that have fat in the meat.  Wild seeds and nuts have fat in them, but the problem is the same as stated above, they can mostly only be found in the fall.

Maybe you can enlighten me, but I know of no native culture that did or does subsist only by foraging for wild plants.  All gatherers that I know of were hunter/gatherers even if they were only hunting grasshoppers.  Even native groups with fairly advanced agriculture supplemented there diets by hunting.  It’s just hard to get enough protein and fat without eating meat.

So if you are a vegan in modern life, be warned.  If you are going to survive in the wilderness, you will become an omnivore, so you better start cultivating a taste for possom right now.

  1. Marshall Lentini permalink

    Well and plainly said. Modern vegetarians – affluent white folk, mostly – have their diet because they have the luxury to choose between this and that; in other words, their diet is a consequence of the abundance of meat itself. One facet usually left out of this, however, is that in all traditional and primitive societies of which I am aware, although protein was of course sought and prized, women generally ate more vegetable matter. Even today among remote Brazilian and Papuan tribes, the women process the sago trees, collect the yams, etc., obviously because the men hunt, or secure meat through barter and the like, while older children tend the flocks. And again today, most vegetarians, and I believe still more vegans, are women: so there is a sort of correspondence between the two populations, relating to caloric expenditure and need (i.e. women performing, on the whole, less strenuous or dangerous work).

  2. J.miller permalink

    i looked at this sight the other day and thought to myself, the way this feller is explaining these things is the way i learned them….after further investigation i realized it was you that i learned them from years ago… are you sir?

    • Justin,
      Great to hear from you. I am doing great. Spend most of my time on the farm these days, tending the garden, making a few bows, doing a little fishing, and hunting. Hope you are doing well also. Feel free to contact me at

  3. Daniel Steglich permalink

    So, you store supplies for the seasons they don’t grow. This seems really simple man lol… you can eat all the possum you want though.

  4. Daniel Steglich permalink

    Store food… seems sensible to me. Squirrels do it so I think with an advanced brain I could figure it out lol… if this isn’t possible I’d love to hear why…. or maybe this will be deleted too?

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